Include the name s and address es of all authors, and date submitted. Results The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. The Introduction should not be long.
After all, the paper will be submitted after all of the work is completed. English for Specific Purposes.
However, this assumption is faulty because the purpose of the section is not to evaluate the importance of the research question in general. All data was collected by the principal investigators in a blinded fashion, rating PONV using a visual analogue scale of 0 to Digesting the findings and their importance to your reader is as crucial as stating your research question.
Another problem is that writers understate the significance of the Introduction. Text should highlight the importance or meaning of the figures and tables, not repeat the data contained within them.
With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. While it is understandable that the flaws in the experimental design and data are not factors that most authors wish to highlight, this section is required by most journals and should be stated.
The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims.
Use past tense except when referring to established facts. Organize your ideas, making one major point with each paragraph. Try reading your paper line by line with the rest of the text covered with a piece of paper. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study.
Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context.
The three moves allow your readers to evaluate their interest in your paper and play a significant role in the paper review process, determining your paper reviewers. Aim to address 2 — 4 weaknesses of the study.
One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper.
You may nevertheless find outside sources, and you should cite any articles that the instructor provides or that you find for yourself. Use normal prose in this and in every other section of the paper — avoid informal lists, and use complete sentences.
As a result, many novice writers do not present their experimental approach and the major findings, wrongly believing that the reader will locate the necessary information later while reading the subsequent sections [ 5 ].
Writing Results Section For many authors, writing the Results section is more intimidating than writing the Materials and Methods section.
Content Summarize your findings in text and illustrate them, if appropriate, with figures and tables. A recommended strategy is to discuss the limitations in such a way that provides justification for why they are acceptable.
Incorrect Length Another common issue encountered regarding the discussion is the length of this section. Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses if you do not plan to do so in the conclusion of the paper. Discussion of the results For many scientists, writing a Discussion section is as scary as starting a paper.
If appropriate, the discussion section is also where you state how the findings from your study revealed new gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described, and Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information.
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You will end up spotting more unnecessary words, wrongly worded phrases, or unparallel constructions. In particular, it is not supposed to tell a story.
You must clearly distinguish material that would normally be included in a research article from any raw data or other appendix material that would not be published. Describe materials separately only if the study is so complicated that it saves space this way.
This means that while all other sections of the research paper use active voice, passive voice is still the most predominant in Materials and Methods sections. This is why when you complete your draft, you should ask for as much feedback from your colleagues as possible.In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data.
If you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of building upon those and expanding them. Feb 12, · Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician.
The aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript. Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so.
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Writing a research manuscript is an intimidating process for many novice writers in the sciences. One of the stumbling blocks is the beginning of the process and creating the first draft.
This paper presents guidelines on how to initiate the writing process and draft each section of a research. How to Write an Effective Discussion Dean R Hess PhD RRT FAARC Introduction Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper.
There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be “Anatomy of a Research Paper: Science WritingDownload